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For an estimated one in 10 women of child-bearing age, an imbalance of hormones can lead to a medical condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. It is one of the top two leading causes of infertility.
Polycystic ovary syndrome, also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It is characterized by abnormal amounts of the male hormone androgen which results in irregular periods, and cysts in the ovaries. Cysts are small sacs filled with fluid. PCOS is a complex, heterogeneous disorder of uncertain etiology, but there is strong evidence that it can to a large degree be classified as a genetic disease. PCOS produces symptoms in approximately 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age (12–45 years old). It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female sub fertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.
It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. Polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS) is common, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women. Often the symptoms begin in the teen years. Treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. You can have polycystic ovaries without having PCOS. However, nearly all women with PCOS will have polycystic ovaries.
1.Irregular or absent periods
2.Acne or pimples
3.Thinning of the scalp hair
4.Excess hair on the face and parts of the body where men usually have hair
5.Infertility or difficulty in conceiving
6.Weight Problems or obesity that is mainly around the mid rif of the body
7.Pigmentation, especially on the neck and underarms
8.Polycystic ovaries (seen on ultrasound) multiple, small cysts in the ovaries.
9.Elevated insulin levels and insulin resistance
10.oily skin, dandruff,
11.high cholesterol levels,
12.elevated blood pressure, and
13.multiple, small cysts in the ovaries.
Any or many of the above symptoms and signs may be absent in PCOS, with the exception of irregular or no menstrual periods. All women with PCOS will have irregular or no menstrual periods. Women who have PCOS do not regularly ovulate; that is, they do not release an egg every month. This is why they do not have regular periods and typically have difficulty conceiving.
When to see a doctor for PCOS
If you have menstrual irregularities — such as infrequent periods, prolonged periods or no menstrual periods — especially if you have excess hair on your face and body or acne, then its time to see a doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome may help reduce your risk of long-term complications, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
Causes of PCOS
As per the Doctors there are no set causes of polycystic ovary syndrome, but the factors like excess insulin or insulin resistance, Low-grade inflammation, heredity and Abnormal fetal development leads to PCOS. Researchers continue to investigate to what extent these factors might contribute to PCOS.
Getting pregnant with PCOS
Getting pregnant is really exciting, but PCOS can create the need for you to take extra steps to assure you have a safe and joyful delivery. Women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) who become pregnant may experience more health problems than the general population, like blood sugar levels which can lead to diabetes, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, miscarriage, premature delivery, pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure, protein traces in the urine) and Macrosomia (a newborn with an excessive birth weight)
PCOS and infertility in women
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) has been found to be the leading cause of female infertility in women who are under 35 years of age. However, more and more women are getting help with fertility treatments. Studies have revealed that PCOS and infertility conditions are co-existent. It has also been found that many of the symptoms and side-effects of PCOS make it extremely difficult to conceive and in some cases almost impossible. Millions of women are seeking help from infertility doctors and are availing treatments to get pregnant. The good news is that at every stage of those suffering from PCOS, there is treatments for PCOS which will help you conceive by increasing your fertility levels.
It is important to see a fertility doctor who understands PCOS properly. If the treatments for PCOS fail, then opting for IVF or in-vitro fertilisation may only be the option. However, you need to remember that each case is unique and the conditions may differ from one case to another. So seek the opinion of a good doctor before jumping to any kind of conclusion.
Patients with PCOS may also suffer from the symptom of miscarriage. The miscarriage rate appears to be higher for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Some studies suggest that the rate could be 45% or more. Obesity or persistent weight gain is a common feature of polycystic ovarian syndrome. Many women find it almost impossible to lose weight, even when on a strict diet. Obesity makes insulin resistance worse. Weight loss can reduce both insulin and androgen levels, and may restore ovulation. Consider a low-carbohydrate diet if you have PCOS and choose complex carbohydrates, which are high in fiber. The more fiber in a food, the more slowly it’s digested and the more slowly your blood sugar levels rise. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels. If you have PCOS, increasing your daily activity and participating in a regular exercise program may treat or even prevent insulin resistance and help you keep your weight under control.
Treatment of PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment generally focuses on management of your individual main concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. The main focus in the treatment is given to regulating menstrual cycle, helping in ovulation, reducing growth of excessive hair on the body, reducing the weight and controlling insulin level. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is also an option for some women with PCOS.
If you think you have PCOS, please DO NOT IGNORE YOUR SYMPTOMS. There is an urgent need to look beyond these minor complaints, and realize the intensity of health problems which may come your way. Contact your Gynecologist at the earliest and take the help of infertility expert at once. For further information on any question relating to polycystic ovary syndrome hirsutism, polycystic ovary syndrome infertility, metformin polycystic ovary syndrome, getting pregnant polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, Polycystic ovary syndrome, IVF treatment, infertility issues, test tube baby clinic, surrogacy treatment, infertility specialist you may contact us at:
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Summary of the article
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. Infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne and obesity can all occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.